Simultaneous multi-channel ultrasound detection via phase modulated pulse interferometry.

© 2019 Optics Express, OSA publishing.

In optical detection of ultrasound, resonators with high Q-factors are often used to maximize sensitivity. However, in order to perform parallel interrogation, conventional interferometric techniques require an overlap between the spectra of all the resonators, which is difficult to achieve with high Q-factor resonators. In this paper, a new method is developed for parallel interrogation of optical resonators with non-overlapping spectra. The method is based on a phase-modulation scheme for pulse interferometry (PM-PI) and requires only a single photodetector and sampling channel per ultrasound detector. Using PM-PI, parallel ultrasound detection is demonstrated with four high Q-factor resonators.

[Read more…]

A schematic drawing of the PM-PI.

Fig. A schematic drawing of the PM-PI system used in this work to interrogate 4 resonators, implemented with π-phase shifted fiber Bragg gratings (π-FBGs). A wideband pulse laser with band-pass filters (BPFs) and an erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) create a source with a high spectral power density and sufficient bandwidth to cover the spectra of all the resonators. The modulation unit is an unbalanced Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI), composed of optical fiber couplers (FC) and a phase modulator (PM). The input phase signal to the PM, shown in the top-right plot, alternates between two values with a difference of 𝜋/2. For each phase value, the pulses interfere differently at the output of each resonator depending on the phase difference in the MZI for the specific resonance wavelength of that resonator. The bottom-right plot, shows a typical voltage signal measured for one of the resonators, which alternates between two states that correspond to the two phase values. As the bottom-right plot shows, in the current implementation, the duration of each phase value delivered to the PM corresponded to 5 laser pulses. We note that the limited bandwidth of our measurement did not allow full separation between the pulses in the bottom-right plot.

Yoav Hazan and Amir Rosenthal. 
Optics Express Vol. 27, Issue 20, pp. 28844-28854 (2019)